Iran's humid, rainy region informs the gabled 'gilak villa' by Team Design Group

Team Design Group
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CLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE IN IRAN

Continuing its contemporary visions of traditional iranian architecture, Team Design Group envisions its gilak house. While a previous design showed a sweeping revival of Irans ‘sunken courtyards’ or bagh chal, this latest house presents a reinterpretation of the elevated tribal dwellings commonly built to maximize cross ventilation. In response to the hot climate and the high humidity and rainfall typical of the country’s coastal or mountainous regions including the zagros mountain range, the structures were designed with strategic openings along both the exteriors and interiors.

TEAM DESIGN GROUP’S GILAK VILLA

The architects at Iran-based Team Design Group organize the gilak villa in plan as a nine-square grid. The outer boundary is opened on all four sides with centralized openings, while the interior is opened with a centralized courtyard which cuts through to the sky above. The house is further shaped by its climate, specifically the rainfall typical of the region, with its dramatic gabled roof. While this area has a history of such gabled roof types, the rest of the country has commonly comprised roofs that are either flat or domed.

Project info:

Project title: gilak house

Architecture: Team Design Group | @team.group

Location: Iran

Lead architect: Davood Salavati | @davoodsalavati

Design team: Amirali Sharifi, Nazli Azarkhsh , Asma Pirouz, Mahsa Aghahasel, Sheila Shahraki, Pouya Sanjari

Iran's humid, rainy region informs the gabled 'gilak villa' by Team Design Group
 

the mountainous region has a uniquely humid and rainy climate

 

the slightly elevated, volume is opened on all four sides for cross-ventilation

 

rainwater is channeled from the roof and courtyard into a water feature

 

view from the central courtyard, through the atrium to the sky